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HomeBlogAre algorithmic stablecoin safe? What are the risks with them? 

Are algorithmic stablecoin safe? What are the risks with them? 

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  • Algorithmic stablecoins are pegged to an algorithm fed into the network.
  • TerraUSD is a popular example to study the risk associated with an algorithmic stablecoin. 

Considerable to other stablecoins which are pegged to the fiat currency or other cryptocurrency, commodities or other precious metals, algorithmic stablecoins are the riskiest stablecoin as they are not pegged to U.s dollar, which has stable value, or to some commodity or metal, its value depends on the algorithm feeded in the network, maintains its value by supply and demand.

After terraUSD collapse, this question is all around, whether algorithmic stablecoin are safe or not. This becomes a valid question as all the coins at some point of time have connections with each other. So if there is any collapse or crash in the market price of any coin it affects the performance of other coins too.

Potential risk attached to a Algorithmic Stablecoin 

Influenced by market risk – 

It aces the risk of increase and decrease as the market fluctuates up and down. As the price of the digital asset increases the value price, then more tokens are generated on the network. If the price falls below the value price, then the algorithm burns the tokens. This reduction in the supply is compensated by offering bonds to buyers – who get paid when prices rise above the valued price.

Oracle smart contract – 

Oracle is a technology which connect real World data to the protocol. Oracle takes price from exchange, compares price and adjusts the system to maintain the balance. It is important for Oracle to acquire accurate data to the current price. It is difficult for developers and managers to maintain the accuracy of the oracle. 

Peg separation –

It is also known as peg break. This situation occurs when a chain breaks from its parent. It causes fluctuation in the price and destabilizes the algorithmic stablecoin, this can eventually destroy the project. 

TerraUSD crash

  • People held cryptocurrency because of the Anchor protocol, which was a savings account offering 20% of interest and the main reason many people posted their UST with Anchor protocol.
  • In March, there was news that Anchor protocol will replace 20% with variable one, which created havoc in the market. People started taking out their funds from the network.
  • In this panic situation, people started to convert their UST tokens with other tokens via different crypto exchanges.
  • TerraUSD (UST) was also burnt against LUNA, which caused LUNA’s price to skyrocket.
  • This mass dumping caused an imbalance in the UST-LUNA mechanism, which at last resulted in a loss in the value of both coins.
  • It was reported that Terra ecosystem, Luna Foundation Guard(LFG), attempted to maintain the peg of $3B by the reserve fund but proved unsuccessful.  

Conclusion

Among all the stablecoins, algorithmic stablecoin is the riskiest stable coin as it is not pegged to any fiat currency or any precious metals. But Algorithmic stablecoins hold all the properties of a stablecoin and other than TerraUSD there are other popular Algorithmic stablecoins which are used by users. 

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